NURSING CARE RELATED TO THE SENSORY AND
1-13. INSTILLING EYE DROPS OR OINTMENTS
a. Review the patient's clinical record to verify the order.
b. Wash your hands and assemble the necessary equipment.
c. Approach and identify the patient.
d. Explain the procedure and the purpose of the medication to the patient.
e. Provide for privacy, if appropriate.
f. If the patient is wearing an eye dressing, remove it by gently pulling down and away from the forehead. Discard the dressing and wash your hands.
g. Remove any accumulation of discharge by cleansing around the eye. Use the procedure outlined in paragraph 1-12a.
h. Position the patient.
i. Prepare the medication.
j. Instill the medication.
Figure 1-4. Instilling eye drops.
k. Instruct the patient to close the eyes gently (without squeezing the lids shut), and roll the eyes. This will distribute the medication.
l. Remove any excess solution or ointment from around the eye by blotting gently with a clean tissue or gauze square.
m. Apply a fresh dressing if required.
n. Provide for the patient's comfort.
o. Remove supplies from the bedside and store or discard as appropriate.
p. Wash your hands.
q. Record the procedure in the patient's clinical record.
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